Wednesday, June 10, 2020

Factors Affecting Nursing Industry Essay - 275 Words

Factors Affecting Nursing Industry (Essay Sample) Content: Factors Affecting the Nursing IndustryNameInstitutionIntroductionThis paper gives an overview of the major factors that affect the nursing and healthcare industry. Rationale for the factors listed has also been provided.DiscussionThe importance of the healthcare industry cannot be overemphasized. There are a few factors that affect the industry. According the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, the sector faces a shortage of registered nurses. The shortage greatly affects the delivery of services owing to the ever increasing number of patients seeking medical care and supervision. Further and closely related to the staff shortage is the concern that the funds allocated towards the healthcare industry are not adequate to cater for the expenditure that has been designed.It is worth noting that the issue of portability and mobility of nurses is another critical concept that needs recognition. Over the recent few decades, there has been an unprecedented growth in the number of clinics as well as ambulatory centers whose sole purpose is the provision of care services. Such establishments are usually characterized by non-hospital features.Another factor that has been identified as affecting the healthcare industry is technology. While it is evident that the adoption of technology has made the efficiency levels increase, it is also to be noted that some of the machines adopted have taken up the roles which were traditionally the reserve of nurses.All stakeholders need to concert efforts towards the addressing of issues that affect the nursing and healthcare industry. While such efforts have been the reserve of medical personnel, it would be highly prudent to include more i...

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Definition of Public Relations Free Essay Example, 2000 words

The most prominent research trends identified in the workplace is internal survey feedback measures that provide the current trends. The work-teams in an organization offer an opportunity to establish the current economic impact of customer s perspectives of the business. In doing so, the public relations team can apply necessary resources to manage identified issues in a timely and effective way. The work environment also contributes to the defined qualitative and quantitative research aspects to present a concise public relations initiative to assure business objectives are accomplished. The PR Pro has to honor certain request for a media interview in order provide confidentiality with the client. The PR Pro-business and personal ethics are to demonstrate a cohesive synergy amongst others in the work centers around a certain situation from an ethical perspective approach. The public relations representative ethical style is warranted to formulate a preferred behavior identificat ion of the leadership and employee. The ethical perspective of most subordinates is religious belief, values, and perception to conduct in a particular situation that is similar to a character/virtue mindset. The public relations representatives identification of moral virtues plays a pivotal role in making decisions and taking action in a certain behavior in a business environment. We will write a custom essay sample on The Definition of Public Relations or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page The attributes of the ad campaign particular situations that reinforce my own ethical perspective. Moreover, the ethical expression demonstrated not only what was said but as well as followed thru by action to show results.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Government Of Indi The Four Distributional Aspects Of...

According to the expert group on Financial Inclusion (GOI, 2008) only 27% of farmers have access to institutional credit. It is true that there have been some improvements in flow of farm credit in recent years. However, the Government has to be sensitive to the four distributional aspects of agricultural credit. These are: (a) not much improvement in the share of small and marginal farmers . (b) decline in credit-deposit (CD) ratios of rural and semi-urban branches. (c) increase in the share of indirect credit in total agricultural credit and. (d) significant regional inequalities in credit. (Policies for Raising Agricultural Growth and Productivity in India). ( S. Mahendra Dev, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai) The Government of India has already put in place an agriculture credit policy to improve access of farmers to institutional credit. Steps would be taken for extensive coverage of farmers under the Kisan Credit Card Scheme. Micro credit and micro insurance will be promoted as an effective tool for encouraging production and reducing risk. Credit cooperatives have an important position and role in the rural financial system and priority would be given to reforms and revamping of cooperative credit institutions as per the recommendations of the Vaidyanathan Committee. Credit counselling centres would be established where severely indebted farmers can be provided a debt rescue package/ rescheduling to save them from a debt trap. National Bank

Friday, May 15, 2020

Inadequate Social Change of Booker T. Washington Essay

There has been much debate over Booker T. Washington and the effectiveness of his work at Tuskegee Institute. Some believe that he was a pioneer for black education in a time when few had the opportunity. Others believe that his conformity to the white ideal of what a black man should be hindered his ability to create real social change for his race. In his autobiography, Up From Slavery, Washington maps out his life from its humble beginnings as a slave up through the success of his school, Tuskegee Institute. He is quick to drop names of the important white businessmen and prominent citizens to ensure their support for his school. However, he is also quick to push his students to be productive members of their society. Through†¦show more content†¦This philosophy came from his belief that if the Negro could be viewed as economically essential first, then they would able to gain the respect needed to be socially and politically equal. Washington believed in slow and natural growth (Washington, 163) and that baby steps, beginning with industrial skill, would eventually bring America to egalitarianism. He sought to lay a foundation of the race through a generous education of the hand, head, and heart (Washington, 59). In order for the black race to first make an impact economically, they had to provide a service so essential to life that this action would demand respect. This respect for their economic value would then bleed into other aspects of life, socially and politically. Washington sought to provide the basis of this esteem that would lead to social equality. This philosophy looked perfect on paper, but it had a number of problems. The students did not learn the importance of analysis and of thinking as an individual. They were not taught to examine a subject with a degree of scrutiny and make their own opinion on the subject. They did not learn about politics or the processes of voting. They did not learn of the history of the cou ntry in which they lived, worked and raised their children. These skills teach a student to think for themselves, form their own opinions, and force change, whether it being socially (for example, a race issue), economically (a new invention that wouldShow MoreRelatedBooker T. Washington Vs. Theu.s. B. Dubois : The Discussion Of Conformity910 Words   |  4 PagesBooker T. Washington vs W.E.B. Dubois: the discussion of conformity At the early turn of the 20th Century United States, there was a large debate about how the average American viewed African Americans or Negroes. As a result, white consensus geared toward putting Africans in a type of caste system, where they would consider below whites, women, and immigrants. By this point, most African Americans were just conforming to this way of life and did not seek to change this. While this occurred, manyRead MoreThe Appropriateness of Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois Strategies for Dealing with Problems Faced by African Americans2275 Words   |  10 PagesEssential Question: Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois offered different strategies for dealing with the problems of poverty and discrimination faced by Black Americans at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries. Assess the appropriateness of each of these strategies in the historical context in which each was developed. After the period where big businesses operated the country to benefit themselves, the middle class activists began to rise against these unjustRead MorePolitical Leaders During The War1087 Words   |  5 Pagesthe government to both rally black support for the war and to help battle against issues such as lynching and segregation. For example, Emmett Scott, the former secretary to to Booker T. Washington at the Tuskegee Institute, was able to organize a conference for black newspaper editors and political leaders in Washington, D.C. in June 1918. This conference yielded positive results. The attendees declared their loyalty to the government. Although World War I affect people of all demographics, thoseRead MoreThe History of Affirmative Action1628 Words   |  7 Pagesunder a tree, while a white man labored intensely. Along with public promotion, lots of prominent individuals came out spoke vehemently against the establishment of compensatory laws. Of the principal objectors of compensatory laws was Booker T. Washington. Washington believed the best interests of black people would be attained through schooling in the crafts, industrial skills cultivation of the virtues of patience, enterprise, thrift. He urged his fellow blacks, most of whom were impoverishedRead MoreGarvey vs. Du Bois1980 Words   |  8 Pagesidentified political, educational, and economic empowerment as pillars of their ideologies, and key strategies for improving the conditions of blacks, and yet, this point of ideological convergence was overshadowed by Du Bois’ disdain for Garvey’s (and Book T. Washington’s) emphasis on economic pursuits over educational and intellectual development. In a similar vein, while Garvey and Du Bois shared an allegiance to the Negro race as a global entity, Garvey was critical Du Bois’ willingness to identify withRead MoreEssay on Could Reconstruction Have Been More Successful3586 Words   |  15 Pagesbelief that every man has â€Å"certain inalienable Rights.† Not until ninety years later, however, when slavery was abolished did the United States actually offer these â€Å"Rights† to all of its citizens. The 19th century was turbulent time of stress and change for America. One of the most controversial dilemmas was the issue of slavery. Slavery was conceived by many to be morally wrong, and it undermined America’s most valued beliefs. Despite this inconsistency, slavery was still widely supported and permittedRead MoreThe Progressive Era Of The Gilded Age1465 Words   |  6 PagesWith change comes consequences. Industrialization of the United States had indirectly tarnished the Gilded Age, and now that this era was coming to an end, reformers were left to clean up the mess. Hence, the Progressive era was born. The Progressive movement was based in the urban middle class and focused on the improvement of society, the economy, and politics. Yet, the movement was not unified. Each reform group of the era had a separate goal t hat they would focus on. Each president also hadRead More Civil Rights and Martin Luther King Jr. Essay1221 Words   |  5 Pages Martin Luther King, Jr. was a great civil rights leader who gave his life in the name of freedom. The work of Martin Luther King, Jr. goes further than establishing peaceful social change strategies, he shaped America into the free country it is today. Before his protests in the south blacks, were treated like second rate citizens. It was uncommon to see blacks and whites using the same public restroom, or drinking from the same water fountain. Dr. King created a legacy that carried on farRead MoreAnalysis Of Ebony Magazine On Racial Ideals And Changes That Occur Throughout The United States1511 Words   |  7 Pagesnation powerful whites have shaped the ideas on race that produced a larger system of white supremacy. They are the titans that dominate social, economical, and political ventures, that negatively affect people of â€Å"color†. Ebony magazine helps grasp the progression of race relations in American history. It demonstrates the slow evolution on racial ideals and changes that occur throughout the United States. Human society has been highly diverse and is the premise of white supremacy ideas. From theRead MoreThe Freedom Of The United States Essay2413 Words   |  10 Pagesslaves, but for a slave in 1864, African American’s vision of freedom was limited because they had been seen as property for such a long time. Slaves didn t know what was out there and there were many whites against this new freedom they had just received. Although, they were aware that they weren t equal to whites at the time, they didn t completely know what freedom could really mean. As time went on they started to see what came with freedom and they began to demand what they deserved. The

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The American Nurses Association ( Ana ) - 1272 Words

1. Go to the ANA Policy Link. What are the priorities for this organization? Compare them to the AMA(www.ama-assn.org). What is the same? What is different? What surprises you? The American Nurses Association (ANA) is the professional organization that represent almost 3.4 million registered nurses of the United States. The mission of the ANA is â€Å"Nurses advancing our profession to improve health for all† (American Nurses association [ANA], 2015). It acts as a voice of nurses and involve in advancing and protecting the profession of nursing. The ANA is focus in developing standards for nursing practice, and advocating for rights of nurses in the workplace. Apart from its involvement in enhancing the position of nurses, it also plays significant role in serving the public and the profession of nursing. In addition, the ANA is actively involved in the establishment of various health policies and practices that not only affects the public but also nurses. The health care policies and practices are generally implemented at state or national level. These policies and practices are often build on the foundation of nursing knowledge. The ANA has played a pivotal role in health care reforms such as Medicare reform, patients’ rights, nursing staffing ratio, safe needle practices, whistleblower protections for the health care workers, reimbursement for health care services and access to health (ANA, 2015). At present, the ANA is an avid supporter of the initiation of policy regardingShow MoreRelatedThe American Nurses Association ( Ana )1201 Words   |  5 PagesPurpose and Mission The American Nurses Association (ANA) is a full-service professional organization that symbolizes the interests of registered nurses through its constituent and state nurses associations. The ANA implements the nursing profession by raising high standards of nursing practice, honoring the rights of nurses in the work field, promoting a positive and realistic view of nursing, and by pushing the Congress and regulatory agencies on health care issues affecting nurses and the public. TheirRead MoreAmerican Nurses Association ( Ana )1172 Words   |  5 PagesIn the United States alone there are well over three million registered nurses as of 2015, with just over two hundred thousand of that total practicing within the state of Florida (Total Number of Professionally Active Nurses, 2015, n.p.). With that being said, there are many different nursing organizations available within the United States to represent not only the registered nurse, but also to represent the student nurse as well. Several nursing organizations are geared towards specialties, ethnicityRead MoreThe American Nurses Association ( Ana )886 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction to Nursing Caring, compassionate, honest, determined and knowledgeable are just a few words to describe the type of nurse I would like to be. The American Nurses Association (ANA) defines nursing as the â€Å"protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations† (Taylor 8). Nursing hasRead MoreThe American Nurses Association (ANA) Essay841 Words   |  4 Pagesdrastically different depending on whom you speak to. Many would define health as a persons absence of disease, others would describe good health based on the status of mind, body amp; social well-being (GCU Lecture, module 2, 2012). According to The American Heritage ® Dictionary of the English Language, health is defined as The overall condition of an organism at a given time. An individuals overall health affects the nat ion, this is where stakeholders come into value. According to Keele, BucknerRead MoreThe American Nurses Association ( Ana ) And The Health Ministries Association Essay1474 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction The American Nurses Association (ANA) and the Health Ministries Association (HMA) have described Faith Community Nursing (FCN) as a form of a specialized nursing practice carried out by a nurse within a faith community (American Nurses Association Health Ministries Association, 2012). The role played by the FCN is to protect, promote, and optimize health and abilities, prevent illness and injury, and respond to distress regarding the practice beliefs and the values of a faith communityRead MoreThe American Nurses Association ( Ana ) And Health Ministries Association1364 Words   |  6 PagesThe American Nurses Association (ANA) and Health Ministries Association (HMA) have described Faith Community Nursing (FCN) as a form of a specialized nursing practice carried out by a nurse within a faith community (American Nurses Association Health Ministries Association, 2012). The role played by the FCN is to protect, promote, and optimize health and abilities, prevent illness and injury, a nd respond to distress regarding the practice beliefs and the values of a faith community. The FCN emphasesRead MoreThe American Nurses Association ( Ana ) And The Health Ministries Association1272 Words   |  6 PagesThe American Nurses Association (ANA) and the Health Ministries Association (HMA) have described Faith Community Nursing (FCN) as a form of a specialized nursing practice carried out by a nurse within a faith community (American Nurses Association Health Ministries Association, 2012). The role played by the FCN is to protect, promote, and optimize health and abilities, prevent illness and injury, and respond to distress regarding the practice beliefs and the values of a faith community. The FCNRead MoreThe American Nurse Association ( Ana ) Code Of Ethics1263 Words   |  6 PagesHealthcare organizations are committed to providing clients with quality service and experience while promoting safety, health, and healing. Nurses have the biggest impact in providing saf e client care and are known for their commitment in improving or increasing client health. However, this ethical commitment may not always be met due to breakdowns in healthcare delivery. Deviations such as adoption of unsafe practices or behaviors can lead to sentinel events. Any disconnects or disruptions canRead MoreNursing Informatics For The American Nurses Association ( Ana )1214 Words   |  5 Pages According to the American Nurses Association (ANA), nursing informatics â€Å"integrates nursing science, computer science, and information science to manage and communicate data, information, knowledge, and wisdom in nursing practice (ANA, 2007).†Nurses who wish to pursue a career in informatics one need to specialize. One does not need to have a masters degree in order to be certified in informatics. Per the American Nursing Credentialing Center, they must hole an active Registered Nursing licenseRead MoreThe American Nurses Association ( Ana ) Code Of Ethics Essay19 89 Words   |  8 PagesAccording to Provision 8 of the American Nurses Association (ANA) Code of Ethics, â€Å"The nurse collaborates with other health professionals and the public to protect human rights, promote health diplomacy, and reduce health disparities.† (American Nurses Association, n.d.). Therefore, nurses and other healthcare workers must set aside any preconceived notions about a populace in order to provide equal care amongst all populations. This includes patients who are HIV positive. Nurses and healthcare workers must

Obesity Causes And Effects - 2476 Words

When you think of the general health of America, what first comes to mind? Most would likely answer this question along the lines of our population being overweight. Obesity is one of the leading causes of death in the US with at least 30,000 people dying from this disease each year (Obesity Epidemic). Obesity symptoms often arise at an early age and can lead to an array of issues well beyond excessive weight gain, but who is to blame? Many critics attribute the explosion of the disease to the widespread growth of the fast food industry, the expanding social media world, the reduction of physical activity in schools, unhealthy food in schools, or even genetics. However, individuals must take personal responsibility for their health. Obesity’s roots can be seen from the start of life, or even pre-birth, and it is up to adults to help teach children how to live a healthy lifestyle. Some may just blame it on genetics, but parents that allow and promote kids to consume unhealthy food are greatly responsible for allowing the disease to flourish. Also, not including any physical activity in their children’s daily life contributes to the obesity epidemic. So what is being done? Many schools districts across the country have introduced prevention methods like nutrient education, but are these really effective? The real question is, if people don’t take personal responsibility will American’s unhealthy habits ever really change? Beyond the very real medical conditions obeseShow MoreRelatedCauses and Effects of Obesity823 Words   |  3 PagesObesity occurs in all countries and it is one of the gravest problems in modern society. Mankinds around the world are concerned about obesity. One of th e chief causes is unhealthy diets. Obesity is also due to lack of exercise and lack of education and awareness. Therefore obesity has various effects include risk of suffering from a range of health conditions, large fiscal expenditure on medical insurance and lack of self-esteem. One of the chief causes is unhealthy diets. There are high-calorieRead MoreCauses and Effects of Obesity832 Words   |  3 PagesThe epidemic of obesity is a medical circumstance defined as excess weight in the form of fat which may impair health. (World Obesity Federation, 2012). Obesity can be calculated by BMI which is body mass index. Obesity means BMI greater than 30. (ibid). This essay will outline the causes and effects of obesity. Diet, lifestyle, toxic environment and the causes of obesity are physical, psychological and economic are impacts. One fundamental cause of obesity is diet. Adolescence is perfect exampleRead MoreThe Causes and Effects of Obesity686 Words   |  3 PagesCauses and Effects of Obesity Overview Obesity according to Birmingham and Treasure means there is an excess of adipose tissue (fat) in the body (195). Today, hardly a day goes without the mention of an obesity related issue in the news. In a way, obesity is increasingly becoming a national epidemic. As medical practitioners debate on whether or not obesity should be regarded a disease, policy makers are mulling over what course of action should be adopted so as to rein in the problem of obesityRead MoreCause And Effect Of Obesity1477 Words   |  6 Pages Cause and effect essay Ahmad Elham ENG 111/FH21 Sunithi Gnanadoss May 2, 2017 After World War II, when the baby Boomer generation emerged, USA economy increased and people started utilizing fast food without a diet plan, without caring about nutrition in their food and the calories they were consuming caused obesity. At the same time, transportation and technology revolutions which meant to bring ease in nation’s lives, brought laziness and obesity. Ultimately, many others callRead MoreObesity : Causes And Effects1090 Words   |  5 Pages Causes of Obesity Obesity refers to the condition of having an extra amount of body fat. Obesity is caused by eating too much and moving too little. When an individual’s amount of body fat becomes too high, they are at a greater risk of being affected with life changing diseases such as heart failure, hypertension, type II diabetes, cancer, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, and others. This shows that people should become more physically active and attempt to make healthierRead MoreObesity : Causes And Effects2292 Words   |  10 PagesObesity has been a topic of debate for decades. The prevalence of obesity in children in the United States has continued to rise, and there is still much debate on whether one thing or another causes obese effects. According to a Micro simulation analysis, one in three children in the US between ages 2 and 19 were obese between 2009 and 2010 (Kristensen et.al, 2014). Support has been shown that these numbers have only been increasing, as researchers have un covered more about how childhood obesityRead MoreCauses And Effect Of Obesity1071 Words   |  5 Pages Obesity is known to produce a number of stress and inflammation responses in the body that lead to the activation of the inflammatory signalling molecules, Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) and inhibitory kB kinase (IKK). Activation of these pathways plays a key part in the development of insulin resistance followed by progression to diabetes as they greatly affect inflammatory responses, insulin signalling, and lipid and glucose homeostatis (Nakamura et al. 2014). For example, activating the JNK pathwayRead MoreThe Causes and Effects of Obesity Essay1390 Words   |  6 Pagesresult of cause and effect. For instance, if a match is struck; a flame ignites, if water is put on the flame; the flame is extinguished, if more fuel is added to the fire; the fire gets bigger. A major problem in our society today, the problem of obesity, results from cause and effect. While many factors are involved, the causes for obesity are ultimately from choices made by individuals. One of the causes for the continuing rise in obesity in the United States is because the cycle of obesity, thatRead MoreCauses And Effects Of Obesity In America870 Words   |  4 PagesThe Centers of Disease Control and Prevention defines obesity as having a BMI over 30 (CDC). In the year 2000, roughly 30 percent of 20 year olds in America were obese. By 2003 that number had risen to 32 percent. That is a small window of increase. From the 1970s to the early 2000s, the percent of obese Americans doubled. This means that in 1970, only 15 percent of Americans were obese, and in the thirty years following, obesity took a sharp rise. In 1960, 13 percent of Americans were obese. TheRead MoreCause and Effect Essay on Obesity962 Words   |  4 PagesTiffany Nali Period 3 May 20,2012 Cause and Effect Essay on Obesity Obesity is one of the main topics in America including one of the main reasons of death.-(begin with a subject) Detecting obesity is easy, but treating it can be very hard to do. Never have there have been so many teens and children not only overweight but obese. In some ways, it could be called the plague of the twenty- first century due to adolescents and teenagers indulging

AstraZeneca a Multinational Company

Question: Produce a report discussing a multinational company AstraZeneca. Answer: Introduction: This study elaborates AstraZeneca, established in 6 April 1999 with its headquarters in London, was created by emerging Astra AB and Zeneca Group plc. It is a British Swedish multinational and biologics company. Over hundred of countries observe it operation. Cancer, infection, neuroscience and cardiovascular are main diseases comes under the list of portfolio of products (https://www.astrazeneca.com/our-company.html ). This organization reflects the most of technology by directing it toward a better healthy world. It pushes further limits of technology to create life-changing medicine. Last year AstraZeneca announced to use CRISPR for distinguishing and validating new drug select in preclinical prototype. It has also found a way of treating non-small cell lounge cancer using gefitinib. Directors of AstraZeneca hold proactive approaches to train their employee best way possible. Therefore, it installed LMS with its PeopleSoft Human Resources Information System (HRIS) that assign rele vant training to everyone (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AstraZeneca#History ). Though coming from different range of background, Employees of AstraZeneca share the same passion for modern medicine. AstraZenecas human resources provide sustained involvement and worth to the organizations market. Medicines of this organization helped the people around the whole world to fight against the critical diseases. It is one of the best Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Company in the world. Environment: Ten particular environmental factors influence AstraZenecas business. Here the discussion on Industry, raw materials, human resource and financial resources are present. Industry: AstraZeneca comes under the category of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Industry (Mahaffey 2014). This industry is responsible of creating curative drugs, also improving diagnostic mediums and the commencing of gene therapy. Raw materials: For raw materials, AstraZeneca mostly depend on third party like every other pharmaceutical companies (Beck et al. 1988). Organization does the job of extracting from different raw material for manufacturing drugs. Raw materials consumed by the organization carry active pharmaceutical ingredients (API). Dec 31, 2014 Raw materials and consumables 663 Inventories in process 501 Finished goods and goods for resale 796 Inventories 1,960 Source: Based on data from AstraZeneca PLC Annual Reports Human Resource: Human resources of AstraZeneca are responsible for recruiting people and developing performance strategy for the organization. For supporting organizations competitive advantage human resources develop partnership with managers (Gomez-Mejia et al. 2004). This delivers the important knowledge and skills to the managers regarding people related advices on the labour market. Financial Resource: AstraZeneca possesses good amount of capital for spending it as cash, credit lines and liquid securities for business purpose. The organization, kept capital as security before participating in the business, has successfully promoted success based on financial resources like any other environment. The Organizational Structure: AstraZeneca is one of most renowned Multinational Company (MNC) in the biological pharmaceutical industry. They provide their services to more than hundred countries. Three different organizational structure of AstraZeneca made the activities of the organization fluent enough to work in an international level. The various aspects of structure are manufacturing, developing and supply chain management. AstraZeneca also funds a huge amount of money to develop drugs for critical diseases. Different branches in installed in the whole world prove training to new recruits (Shi 2013). The training they provide is one the best in present. This interest for producing new drugs to make the world diseases free makes the organization different from many others present in the industry. Manufacturing part is assigned to meet the demands of the market (Jensen and Meckling 1992). Supply chain management keeps the companys product available to market. Personal development of individual workers is very important to the organization. The training provided in the various parts for the new recruited make this thinking possible. The fundamental elements of this group are universal and private manufacturing medicines, researching and market administrations. In AstraZeneca, the entire employee work under this CEO. According to Jensen and Meckling (1992) the board of the organization consist CEO, Chairman of the board and directors. The next level of employees are CFO, CIO etc. Chairman of board is the heights person in an organized group of a organization. He is the head of the directors. And second most powerful officer in an organization after CEO. The Organizational Culture: AstraZeneca recruits and has people within it who belong to various types of background. In spite of this divergence of backgrounds all the employees of this organization share the same affection of accomplishing challenges of modern science. It encourages employees to work with each other and to take smart risks. Employees gets support whenever they need it and it provides the platform to work autonomously. Merit and performance decides distinct success for workers. They get Energetic and innovative environment which know to value the diversity. The organization has also a purpose of nourishing talents of individual people. This helps the employees to involve them in work and dedicate crucially in scientific excellence. This place share motivations and conventions. Here every day is recompensing. The organization has the curiosity toward science and the potentiality of it. For achieving the aim, AstraZeneca works with companies, which share similar taste and collaborators to create inventive drugs. The hope of winning over the most dangerous diseases, this organizations workers share their knowledge and skills. This thinking produce an innovative and strong environment in the work place. AstraZenecas workplaces all over the world share the same affection for a inspiring and motivating environment. Personal development of individual workers is very important to the organization. To maintain organizations commitment, it requires its employees to never stop gaining knowledge and nourishing their skills. Organization encourages and aids the workers by providing never-ending support. Therefore, a keen person can reach his/her full capability of using science to help create medicines. A team member with different kind of thinking and being in a diverse team with different backgrounds can come up with new ideas. With new ideas come new possibilities. Several numbers of teams presented in the organization get the advantage of dynamic mlange. AstraZeneca received Excellence in Practice Award because of their hard contribution for developing abilities of workers. Impact of Technology: For most pharmaceutical organization, productivity is one the crucial concern. The amount of fund the organization provides for speeding up RD process, it faced decrease in productivity. In spite of the failures, AstraZeneca has produced some revolutionary medicines and adopted great technologies like gnome. The organization has examined the capability of PT003 for the enhancement of functionality of lung. AstraZeneca acquired Pearl Therapeutics. This technology was developed for carrying pressurised metered dose inhaler (pMDI). In PINNACLE 1 and PINNACLE 2, upper respiratory tract infection and dyspnea are the most disadvantageous treatment arms. The safety information study in PINNACLE 3 is not yet available. Gefitinibis a medicine for particular breast, lung and other cancers. Lung cancer is widely known as one of the most dangerous and second most detected cancer in United Kingdom. Patients with epidermal growth factor mutation-positive (EGFR M+) disease were only prescribed for treatment with gefitinib. AstraZeneca introduced the drug gefitinib, used for treatment of non-small cell lung. AstraZeneca also adopted various technologies to provide both successful and significant service for the patients. The federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) asks for good quality Manufacturing Practices. Therefore, it established regulations internationally to make sure of best manufacturing quality. If a organization fails to follow the rules created by FDA, it can cost the organization millions of pounds a day. AstraZeneca never suffered for the rules created by FDA. Previously the organization kept track of their training manually. After integration of Plateau Learning Management System in 2002, it assisted the business process automation. It took the enterprise training a way forward than it was ever before (Ramirez and Tylecote 200). CRISPR is a pioneer gnome editing technique. The technology allowed AstraZeneca to recognize and authorize new drug targets in preclinical replica. This technology helped the organization to develop Pearl Therapeutics (Meltzer 2012). It gave scientists power to change particular genes surprisingly faster and more precisely way than ever before. Conclusion: From the above study, we can conclude that AstraZeneca is one of the best pharmaceutical multinational organizations. It its life span it created various lives changing drugs that aided the world to recover from most dangerous diseases. The organization provides the best in class training to motivate their employee from the begging of their career. It always provided the environment of innovativeness for the workers. Using gnome editor, it created the history in the history. PINNACLE 1 and PINNACLE 2 studies are the result of the technology. PINNACLE 3 studies will be unenclosed soon. AstraZeneca also adopted various technologies to provide both successful and significant service for the patients. The curiosity of the organization toward science also made their employees reach their full potential. AstraZenecas environment consists of inventory, human resources, financial resources, etc. Integration of Plateau Learning Management System in 2002, made significant change that assisted the business process automation. References: Beck, A.T., Epstein, N., Brown, G. and Steer, R.A., 1988. An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: psychometric properties.Journal of consulting and clinical psychology,56(6), p.893. 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